Once again, the hairstyles of the 1500s is represented by royal personages. And in this day, women are a dominant force in politics and power. This is the decade of Elizabeth I of England and Mary Queen of Scots. Hair is proper and noble, and accompanying headgear allows the femininity to peak out. Worlds are being claimed and conquered. Women in power are ruling the world. It is the Kings and Queens who are making the decisions, not elected Parliaments and Republics. The revolutions of Oliver Cromwell, France and the United States are still more than a century away.

It was an age of invention including bottled beer (1568), the pocket watch (1510), the graphite pencil (1565), and the flush toilet. As the cosmos was redefined, seafaring nations were circling the globe, looking for lands to conquer. Cortes ended the civilization of the Aztecs by 1519 (13 years later in 1531 in Mexico, peasant Juan Diego encountered the Apparition of the Virgin of Guadalupe.) Ferdinand Magellian, although killed in the Philippines 1521, is still credited as the first to circumvanigate the globe, thanks to his ship making it back, under the comand of Juan del Cano.

Protestant Reformation commnenced as Henry VIII declared himself head of the English church (for being excommunicated by the Pope who refused to allow his divorce due to his failure to find a woman who could bear him a son).

Hairstyles, like fashion, meant imitating what was designated as fashionable but only within your own class. If your style was out of date, you were either too old to care or too insignificant to matter. The century started off with hair parted in the center and fluffed over the temples. Later, front hair was curled and puffed high over the forehead. As with many other time periods, hair extensions were necessary to exaggerate any effect. This was the age of Elizabeth I who had naturally red hair, and it was one of the few times in history that red hair became desireable; at other times, red was a color to avoid. Hairstyles were created to complement the hat, which was the ordinary woman's crown, or status symbol. And hats had become ostentatious with feathers, jewels, gold thread, lace and pearls.

It was European nobility that established the styles, and with the dominance of seafaring nations, it was the styles of the seafaring nations that led the way: England, Netherlands, France, Spain, and Italy.

The ordinary woman wore a close-fitted embroidered linen cap -- the coif or biggins, which was also popular among children and nuns. It was flat, tied under the chin and held the hair down. Wires and starch were used to created the heart-shaped, lace attifet, a choice of nobility. As with any age, long flowing hair was the mark of an unmarried maiden, whereas married women tended toward buns, and widows would normally only be seen with black hoods and veils for the remainder of their lifetime, unless they married again.

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1501
Lorenzo Costa
1505
Leda Da Vinci
1510
1510
1515
Isabella of Austria
Lorenzo Costa
Leda da Vinci
1510
Isabella of Austria






1520
1520
1522
A sibyl
1528
1528
1530
St. Catharine
1520
A sibyl
1528
St. Catharine
1552
Joanna of Austria
1558
Mary Queen of Scots
1588
1588
Joanna of Austria
Mary Queen of Scots
1588
1590
Francis Walsingham
1593
Magdalina Margravine
1595
Margarita
Francis Walsingham
Magdalina Margravine
Margarita



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